Wait for Pop-up

popup In recent past, I encountered one scenario where you need to automate pop-up in the application. I am blogging this, as many of you may have faced the same issue.

You need to automate the below scenario. There is a link present on the Web-page, Pop-up gets opened as you click on the link & perform some action on this pop-up.

Now you may wonder what’s the big deal in just automating above scenario.

I also thought in the same way but my scripts were failing.

After investigation I found that when I tried to switch to pop up it was not there,meaning till that time pop up didn’t get open.

I tried to apply Thread.Sleep ,it worked fine for me. But again using Thread.Sleep can cause many issues like –

  1. This may fail if opening a pop up takes longer time
  2. If pop up gets open up in fraction of seconds then it will be waste of time.
  3. It is not the good practice to use Thread.Sleep and be last option we should think of when synchronize the browser.

There is no direct solution or Expected condition available in Selenium WebDriver for this issue. Hence to overcome all these problems I have written a method which implements new Expected condition and exactly behaves like implicit wait.

private void clickWaitForPopoUp(WebDriver driver, By by,int waitTime) {
        final int currentWindows = driver.getWindowHandles().size();
        WebDriverWait wait = new WebDriverWait(driver, waitTime);
        wait.until(new ExpectedCondition<Boolean>() {
            public Boolean apply(WebDriver d) {
                return (d.getWindowHandles().size() != currentWindows);


Alternate Way for sendKeys

One of my friend called me yesterday, he had an interview on Selenium WebDriver and got confused on 1 Question.

What is an alternative for sendKeys Method in WebDriver?

I also got stammered on this and thought in mind

Why the hell do we need this?

There are below possible reason that I could find, When we need any alternative to sendKeys.

  1. When the Text element is disabled or locked, sendKeys can not set the value in text field.
    (in my opinion, this is not the correct way of Automation, because the element is locked or disabled by intend to not allow any text insertion)
  2. When we want to write huge text as input… that time the way WebDriver work, by sending Series of characters from String one by one, and Which is Very time consuming. so to minimize that time we can use this alternate method

So now we have above two problems with sendKeys ……


The best alternative I found is JavaScript

Way 1 to Execute Script

        WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();
        JavascriptExecutor myExecutor = ((JavascriptExecutor) driver);

in above example we have used javaScript to locate the Search Textbox and set the “Kirtesh” value in it.

lets look at another approach.

Way 2

        WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();
        WebElement searchbox = driver.findElement(By.xpath("//input[@name='q']"));
        JavascriptExecutor myExecutor = ((JavascriptExecutor) driver);
        myExecutor.executeScript("arguments[0].value='Kirtesh';", searchbox);

second example is very controlled approach, Here we are passing WebElement as a argument to the javaScript

There is still many more remained from JavascriptExecutor ……

Keep Exploring…

Keep Automating………………